Healthcare Sciences

People working in healthcare science help diagnose, treat and prevent medical conditions.

Read more about the main branches of healthcare science below:

Clinical Bioinformatics

Clinical Bioinformatics develop and improve ways to capture, store, and analyse biological data. They use computer software to generate useful biological knowledge.

Clinical Bioinformatics are categorised into three areas: genomics, health informatics and physical sciences.


Physiological Sciences

Physiological Scientists test bodily functions, diagnose conditions and suggest treatment. They use specialist equipment and advanced technology to help them with their work.

This kind of role usually involve direct interaction service users. This will be within hospital clinics, in the community, in schools or in peoples’ homes.

Specialisms include:

  • Vascular or cardiac science
  • neurophysiology
  • audiology
  • vision science
  • gastrointestinal physiology
  • sleep science
  • respiratory physiology and much more.

Life Sciences

Life Science is an important part of diagnosing and treating disease. This area of healthcare can be split into the three sections below:

  • Genetics – understanding illnesses from a genetic perspective

  • Pathology – testing blood and tissue samples to determine the cause of illnesses

  • Reproductive Science – providing solutions to infertility (e.g. helping couples with IVF)

Roles in life sciences may be in a hospital laboratory or community clinic.

Physical Sciences and Clinical Engineering

This area of healthcare science looks at processes in the body to diagnose and treat diseases.

These roles  make sure specialist medical equipment is functioning and safe.

The majority of work is in hospitals, but some work with people in their own homes.

What are the Entry Requirements?

There are many routes into healthcare science. Entry requirements varying based on role and speciality.

  • Apprenticeships are available for healthcare science assistants and associates. You will need GCSEs at grade 5/C or above in English and Maths, or a functional skills qualification.

  • The Undergraduate Practitioner Training Programme is available as a full-time degree or level 6 apprenticeship. You will need 2-3 A-levels including science subjects as well as grade 5/C GCSEs in English and Maths.

  • The NHS Scientist Training Programme is for graduates with a of a 2:1 or above in science or engineering.

  • The Higher Specialist Scientist Training programme is available for registered and experienced clinical scientists.

Whatever your academic background, if you have an interest in science, you can find a role that’s right for you.

Want to find out more?

Visit Healthcare science | Health Careers. and National School of Healthcare Science | Health Education England | NHS (

What Qualities Do I Need to Work in Healthcare Sciences?

Computer Skills

Some roles need computer literacy for data analysis and using specific software

Collaboration Skills

Working with different teams in healthcare science to find solutions


Being inquisitive about finding new solutions and supporting  care is key

Scientific Competency

 Having good understanding of the fundamentals of science